Mechanical & physical properties of EFB pulp/nanocellulose moulded food packaging

Tensile strength (Nm/g)
EFB pulp only 18%
EFB pulp + EFB nanocellulose 28%
Tear Index (mN.m2/g)
EFB pulp only 4%
EFB pulp + EFB nanocellulose 8%
EFB pulp only 6%
EFB pulp + EFB nanocellulose 45%
Oil-break-through (min)
EFB pulp only
EFB pulp + EFB nanocellulose 15%

Nanocellulose in EFB Pulp

0 x
Higher Tensile Strength
0 x
Higher Tear Index
0 x
Higher Folding Capacity
0 x
Higher Oil Resistance


Objective: To investigate business operators’ and consumers’ perceptions on EFB pulp/ nanocellulose food packaging
91% of the company intends to use and buy eco-friendly product packaging in the future
Company demonstrated a promising market segment in terms of purchase intention
The effects of factors on product acceptance is stronger in the company’s study than in the user study

Price is the most important factor for company, but product quality is the most important for user

Top 3 characteristics:

– Does not produce harmful derivatives

– Non-toxic

– Water resistance

The market appeal of the products (willingness to pay) is stronger in the user study, than in the company study


Objective: To identify customer’s opinions on green food packaging (GTP)
Respondents willing to use GFP if 89% the quality of GFP is decent, in an effort to preserve the environment
Respondents are currently using GFP for their product, partially.
Respondents foresee that GFP can give added value to their product
Objective: To identify customer’s opinions on green food packaging (GTP)